Would helping only the least advantaged benefit society as a whole?

John Rawls, one of the 20th century’s most notable political philosophers, proposed a theory of distributive justice known as “justice as fairness.” According to his theory, once a society successfully guarantees equal basic rights and liberties for everybody, the next step should be to properly regulate any ensuing social and economic inequalities. One of the principles he proposed to do this was the difference principle.

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